CAS No.: 86639-52-3 Formula: C22H20N2O5
SN-38 is an antineoplastic drug. It is the active metabolite of irinotecan (an analog of camptothecin - a topoisomerase I inhibitor) but has 1000 times more activity than irinotecan itself. In vitro cytotoxicity assays show that the potency of SN-38 relative to irinotecan varies from 2- to 2000-fold. SN38 is formed via hydrolysis of irinotecan by carboxylesterases and metabolized via glucuronidation by UGT1A1. The variant of UGT1A1 in ~10% of Caucasians which leads to poor metabolism of SN-38 predicts irinotecan toxicity, as it is then less easily excreted from the body in its SN-38 glucuronide form. SN-38 and its glucuronide are lost into the bile and feces. It can cause the symptoms of diarrhoea and myelosuppression experienced by ~25% of the patients administered irinotecan.
|Sulfadimethoxine Sodium Salt|